Popular Posts

Sunday, February 9, 2014

ARTHRITIS

Arthritis is not a single disease, it is a term used to denote various problems related to joints.It is an inflammation of joints and a symptom more than a disease and associated with many diseases. The most common types of arthritis are Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Systematic lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Arthritis, Gout etc.Arthritis is considered as an autoimmune disease and the exact reason behind this problem is still unknown and many factors including genetic reasons are suspecting to the development of arthritis.But external factors include smoking, injuries, jobs which demand high body strain etc. are proved to be increase the possibilities of arthritis.A condition among young people named joint hyperlaxity, high flexibility of joints, obesity, less or no exercise etc. and diseases like diabetics etc. are also increase the possibilities. Arthritis can be occurred in any person at any age group. But osteoarthritis are found mostly among old aged people. A preliminary condition of rheumatic arthritis, the rheumatic fever appears among the teenagers.

Fingers with Osteoarthritis
Photo by Paul Goyette http://flickr.com/photos/pgoyette/102438517/

Hand affected with Rheumatoid arthritis
By Arnavaz at fr.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons
Gout
By Gonzosft (Own work) [CC-BY-3.0-de (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/de/deed.en)],
 via Wikimedia Commons 

As earlier stated arthritis is an autoimmune disease.Under this condition the immune system of our body which is supposed to protect our body from external threats will attacks our own body tissues due to unknown reasons. This causes destruction of bones and cartilage and wear and tear to tendons around joints which further leads to malfunctioning or nil functioning or fingers, arms, legs, joints etc. In some case it may affect liver, lungs, eyes,skin etc.
If not treated in time Rheumatoid Arthritis may cause damages to eyes, heart,liver etc.and further leads to cancer and heart diseases. Osteoarthritis is also become catastrophic if not treated in early stages, that in final stages the cartilage become completely worn-out and the ability of body movements become affected.
Foods containing omega-3 fatty acid is useful for controlling SLE. It may als  be useful to avoid soft drinks, alcohol,non-veg food etc. to reduce the severity of  gout. Regular exercise is a good option for easing the disease. Specially designed exercises are found effective in reducing the intensity of arthritis. These exercises increase the strength of muscles and reduces muscle atrophy.Quadriceps exercises are one of the exercises designed for arthritis patients. 
Now due to the advancement of technology and research arthritis can be regulated to comfortable levels if detected earlier.More effective medicines are also available to ameliorate the symptoms of arthritis.Steroids are used to relieve symptoms of arthritis.In extreme case doctors may recommend arthroplasty ie. joint replacement.Stem cell therapy for curing arthritis is also in the pipeline, which is highly expected to emerge as a remedy for this problem.