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Tuesday, May 27, 2014

LYME DISEASE

This is a disease caused by bacteria and spread through the bite of a deer tick.If the disease is left untreated it may cause serious health problems including skin problems, problems to nervous system, heart and joints.The bites of ticks carrying Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium is the cause of disease.Spreading of this disease is highly related to climate, ie.climate favorable for the deer ticks. Person to person transmission of disease does not occur. The symptoms may appear within 3 days to one month of tick bite. An infected tick bites and stay attached with a human more than thirty six hours may have high chances of Lyme disease.which There are three stages of the disease-Primary ,secondary or disseminated and tertiary or chronic persistent Lyme disease.
Deer Tick (Ixodes ricinus)
 By WHO [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Borrelia Burgdorferi Bacteria

Symptoms
In most cases a approx. two inch sized rash appears like 'bulls eye' around the site of tick bite.Other symptoms include fever, chills, body wide itching,headache, fatigue,muscle/joint pain,stiffness in neck etc.If untreated and disease reaches progressive stages symptoms like, severe fatigue, joint swelling, abnormal muscle movements, tingling and numbness in arms and legs,speech problem and facial paralysis etc. may appear.
Bull's eye rash around the site of Tick bite
By Photo Credit: James Gathany Content Providers(s): CDC/ James Gathany [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Diagnosis
A physician's physical examination of symptoms and ELISA test for Lyme disease following a western blot test for confirmation of Lyme disease.For assessing the damage and functioning of other organs and systems of the body the following tests may also recommended ECG, Echo cardiogram,Spinal tap, MRI or CT scans.

Treatment
Treatment in early stages with antibiotics are very much useful to cure the disease.Type of antibiotics may vary according to the stages of the disease. Drugs for relieving symptoms are also prescribed.